model for the extractive coal liquefaction

by L. T. Fan

Publisher: Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Kansas State University in Manhattan

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 943
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  • Coal liquefaction -- Mathematical models.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: v. 1, p. 20.

Statementby L. T. Fan, K. Miyanami, L. S. Fan.
SeriesReport - Institute for Systems Design and Optimization, Kansas State University ; no. 71- , Report (Kansas State University. Institute for Systems Design and Optimization) ;, no. 71, etc.
ContributionsMiyanami, K., 1936- joint author., Fan, Liang-Shih, joint author.
LC ClassificationsTA168 .K35 no. 71, etc., TP352 .K35 no. 71, etc.
The Physical Object
Paginationv. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5019812M
LC Control Number76624000

Flowslides have been induced in small, instrumented coking coal stockpiles by slowly raising the water table. These strongly resembled field cases, showing sudden collapse, rapid . Coal liquefaction is the conversion of coal to liquid hydrocarbon products. The major products of most coal liquefaction processes are condensed aromatic liquids; however, some gases and solids are also produced, depending on the type of coal, the process, and the operating conditions used [2]. Get this from a library! Investigation of mechanisms of hydrogen transfer in coal hydrogenation. [D C Cronauer; R G Ruberto; Yatish T Shah; R J Modi; Gulf Research & Development Co.; United States. Department of Energy.] -- Asphaltene samples were prepared for preliminary hydrogen transfer studies. Two techniques were evaluated, namely (1) extraction of SRC solids with toluene in a Soxhlet.   Get this from a library! New approaches in coal chemistry: based on a symposium sponsored by the Pittsburgh Section of the American Chemical Society at the 12th central regional meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, November , [Bernard D Blaustein; Bradley C Bockrath; Sidney Friedman; American Chemical Society. Pittsburgh Section.; American Chemical Society.

9. Catalysis of Low Grade Coal Conversion (K.M. Nicholas). Direct Liquefaction of Peat and Lignite to BTX-Type Fuel (D.J. Trantolo, R.J. Cody, E.P. Heneghan and D.M. Houmere). Process and Cost Computer Model of the Direct Liquefaction of Lignite to a BTX-Type Fuel (E.E. Kern). Subject Index. Series Title: Coal science and technology, v. Physical and chemical behavior of liquefied coal in solids separation. [Washington]: Dept. of Energy ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Dale E Briggs; United. @article{osti_, title = {Catalysis by molten metals and molten alloys}, author = {Ogino, Y}, abstractNote = {Various reactors and techniques for activity measurement are described. Possible applications of the catalysis include the dehydrogenation of alcohols, amines, hydrocarbons, and coal liquefaction. Coal liquefaction process streams characterization and evaluation: High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) of coal liquefaction process streams using normal-phase separation with uv diode array detection.

Since the US is rich in coal resources, this is one way to be energy independent. Most of the development activity occurred in the s and numerous technologies were studied, the most notable of these being H-Coal, Exxon Donor Solvent, Solvent Refined Coal, and Two Stage Liquefaction. This research project involved the study of a raw comparatively mild coal conversion process. The goal of the project was to study model systems to understand the basic chemistry involved and to provide a possible effective pretreatment of coal which significantly improves liquefaction . In this study, to explain the possibility of hydrogen transfer paths from manure to coal, Elbistan lignite (EL) combined with manure liquefaction of oil + gas products were analysed with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1 H-NMR) the same way, it is observed that oils which as they fragment to an alkane-alkene mixture, serve. Liquids derived from coal are obtained mainly through pyrolysis, liquefaction, and solvent extraction. When coal is heated to high temperatures (–°C) in an inert environment, 20–40% of the original solid is released into gas or volatiles. This process is called pyrolysis or devolatilization of coal.

model for the extractive coal liquefaction by L. T. Fan Download PDF EPUB FB2

III. COAL LIQUEFACTION PROCESS IS TWO TYPES 1. Direct coal liquefaction (DCL) 2. Indirect coal liquefaction,(ICL) International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) IJERTIJERT ISSN: IJERTV3IS Vol.

3 Issue 5, May - Author: Nalwala Rohitbabu G, Rana Pravat Kumar, Shukla Deepak H. Processes for direct coal liquefaction by solvent extraction / Y.C.

Fu and Y.T. Shah: Structure and properties of coal and the mechanism of coal liquefaction / J.A. Gray and Y.T.

Shah: Heteroatom removal during liquefaction / Y.T. Shah and S. Krishnamurthy: Kinetic models for donor solvent coal liquefaction / Y.T. Shah, S. Krishnamurthy, and R Cited by: The model is also shown to be applicable when catalysts are present.

The product distribution for a particular coal seems to be a function only of the conversion even in the presence of catalysts, as long as the chemical reaction controls the rate of by: Major Factors Pertinent to Liquefaction Coal as Raw Material Solvent Catalysts Temperature and Pressure Direct Liquefaction Process Coal Liquefaction Processes at Earlier Stage Some Advanced Liquefaction Processes Solvent-Extraction Liquefaction.

This is the first of three papers on modelling coal liquefaction processes. In this paper a kinetic model for the thermal dissolver of the Wilsonville integrated two stage liquefaction (ITSL.

1. Introduction. There are many studies on the mechanism of coal liquefaction in terms of components in coal and their reactivities, such as reaction rate for extractive disintegration of coal, hydrogen consumption and liquefaction products, kinetic analysis based on the generalized reaction model, and initial stage r, kinetic analyses of liquefaction using flow.

Abstract. This paper presents a brief state of the art review of direct coal liquefaction. The review includes important pilot scale processes available for the liquefaction an a brief description of the structure of coal and the chemistry, mechanism and available lumped kinetic models for the liquefaction.

Pyrolysis of 1,3 -butanediol as a model reaction for wood liquefaction in supercritical water. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering65 (4), Abstract. Coal liquefaction can be defined as the conversion of solid coal to products which are liquid at ambient temperatures.

Usual methods for direct liquefaction processing are pyrolysis, solvent extraction or hydrogenation. The direct liquefaction process (Fig.

3) employs a coal ground to a fine powder, solvent, hydrogen, and catalyst employed at elevated pressures (– psig) and temperatures (–°C).The solvent mixed with the coal forms a pumpable paste. Intimate contact between solid coal and solvent is easier to achieve than that between coal and gaseous hydrogen; therefore, in addition to.

The process of constructing a coal model to conform to certain physical properties, constrains model construction and provides insight into its constitution. Density is an obvious physical parameter with specialty programs/simulations being created for its evaluation in coal [16], [17] and other carbonaceous materials [18].

Based on the concept of reactions in a continuum, a mathematical model has been developed to simulate coal liquefaction kinetics. In an excess hydrogen donor environment, the rate‐limiting reactions are considered to be irreversible cracking reactions involving cleavage of carbon and oxygen linkages.

Used catalyst and reactor deposits from a fixed‐bed coal liquefaction unit show high concentrations of titanium and boron. The titanium was present as anatase, a titania polymorph. Hydrogenation reac. Kinetics of Thermal and Catalytic Coal Liquefaction with Plastic-Derived Liquids as Solvent.

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research36 (5),   This chapter describes solvent extraction as one of the most commonly used techniques for studying the chemical properties of coal. While solvent extraction of coal at temperatures below the onset of active thermal decomposition is a useful and important technique in studies of coal structure, it yields material of little commercial value.

Hefeng low rank coal treated with acid-washing process was subjected to a five-stage sequential extraction, and a direct liquefaction of the coal was also conducted.

From the GC–MS data, E 1 and E 2 were mainly composed of aliphatics and alkanes, and the E 3 -E 5 were derived from the relative stable molecules in coal.

The book focuses on coal gasification and liquefaction and emphasizes that the processes involved must be carefully understood in order to avoid the environmental impacts of coal use. Attempts have been made to establish a conceptual framework to be used in assessing the health and environmental health impacts of the conversion and utilization.

Liquefaction of coal by SRC-II process: Part I: A new kinetic model. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering60 (2), DOI: /cjce Sandra K.

Haley, Jerry A. Bullin, Rayford G. Anthony. Empirical models for the rate of lignite liquefaction. A two step process for the liquefaction of coal, in a semi-flow micro reactor, was investigated.

The process consisted of pretreating coal with low temperature steam, followed by treatment with. Chapter Experimental Simulation of Coke Deposition in Preheater of Coal Liquefaction Process Chapter The Effect of Coal Preparation on the Filtration Step in Direct Liquefaction Chapter A Study of Coal Liquefaction by Coal Model Materials Chapter Hydrodeoxygenation Ok Xanthene over a Sulfided Chapter ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xiv, pages: illustrations ; 25 cm.

Contents: Processes for direct coal liquefaction by solvent extraction / Y.C. Fu and Y.T. Shah --Structure and properties of coal and the mechanism of coal liquefaction / J.A.

Gray and Y.T. Shah --Heteroatom removal during liquefaction / Y.T. Shah and S. Krishnamurthy --Kinetic models for. state-of-the-art coal liquefaction technology.

Coal-producing countries, such as China and Indonesia, have also expressed strong interest in the commercialization of coal liquefaction technology, with high expectations for its future development.

History of coal liquefaction technology development in Japan˜ Dawning of coal liquefaction. Mechanism of hydrogen transfer and role of solvent during heating-up stage of direct coal liquefaction.

Fuel Processing Technology Catalytic hydroconversion of extraction residue from Shengli lignite over Fe–S/ZSM Advances in the study of hydrogen transfer to model compounds for coal liquefaction.

Fuel Processing Technology The solvent extraction of Poplar lignite coal was studied with three model solvents (tetralin, quinoline, and 1-naphtol) and one industrial coal liquid derived solvent. pretreatment to coal liquefaction. This quarter, a ml stirred autoclave for liquefaction tests was received and installation initiated, Four coal samples were obtained from the Penn State Sample Bank, Continuous flow pretreatment procedures were reestablished.

Extraction yields after pretreatment of. pretreatment to coal liquefaction. A ml stirred autoclave for liquefaction tests is being installed. Pretreatment and extraction tests were made with Blind Canyon coal alone, mixed with Illinois No.

6 coal, impregnated with iron, and impregnated with iron and sulfided using phenyl disulfide. Coal liquefaction originally was developed at the beginning of the 20th century. The best-known CTL process is Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FT), named after the inventors Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch from the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in the s.

The FT synthesis is the basis for indirect coal liquefaction (ICL) technology. Currently, there are considerable discrepancies between China’s central government and some local governments in attitudes towards coal to liquids (CTL) technology.

Energy return on investment (EROI) analysis of CTL could provide new insights that may help solve this dilemma. Unfortunately, there has been little research on this topic; this paper therefore analyses the EROI of China’s.

Influence of Illinois No. 6 coal and coal-related compounds on the exchange reaction between diphenylmethane and perdeuteriotetralin. Fuel59 (6), A History of Coal Liquefaction in the United Kingdom Geoff M. Kimber Coal Science & Technology Consultant (formerly Technical Manager, British Coal Corporation, Liquefaction Project) ABSTRACT This paper gives an overview of the coal liquefaction studies carried out by the British Coal.

Alan A. Herod's 97 research works with 2, citations and 6, reads, including: In closing.Recycle distillates from a coal liquefaction continuous pilot plant, which used prehydrogenated anthracene oil as a start-up solvent and up to seven successive passes over an operation time of @article{osti_, title = {Steam pretreatment for coal liquefaction}, author = {Ivanenko, O and Graff, R A and Brathwaite, C}, abstractNote = {Development of commercially viable and environmentally sound processes for coal liquefaction remains a formidable challenge.

Although advances in coal liquefaction technology in recent years have led to the production of liquids of improved quality.